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Veterinary Medicine 獸醫學課程

獸醫的一般職責包括寵物診症、保健和絕育,還有動物防疫。其實,獸醫的工作可以有不同類型,例如,在政府漁護署工作的獸醫負責家禽、肉食動物和出入口動物檢查及病毒檢測。

在農場和海洋公園,獸醫需要照顧包括爬蟲類等不同種類動物的健康。而馬會的獸醫需要照顧比賽及繁殖等用途馬匹的健康。

若想成為獸醫,學生首先要喜愛動物,希望維護動物的健康。假如同學將來打算在動物診所工作,更需注重跟人溝通的技巧,以及有探究精神。因為寵物不懂與人對話,所以獸醫需耐心地從動物主人口中了解牠們的健康情況。另一方面,如果要醫治流浪動物或被遺棄寵物,需花更多時間去抽絲剝繭,然後斷症。

根據獸醫管理局名冊,目前本港有逾700名獸醫。

職責

香港本地愈來愈多人飼養寵物,對獸醫師的需求亦隨之增多,香港暫時只有香港城市大學提供獸醫學位課程,有興趣的畢業生亦可到海外地區進修,以下是獸醫師的主要工作:

  • 為動物進行檢查、疾病預防、診斷和治療
  • 為動物進行化驗,並對檢查報告和結果作出分析
  • 使用醫療設備和藥物等治療動物的疾病
  • 觀察動物病情變化,採取相應的治療措施
  • 為動物進行防疫工作

入職條件

  • 具備大學獸醫學士學位(可到澳洲、英國、加拿大等地方的認可院校修讀課程)
  • 獲得《獸醫註冊條例》註冊為獸醫的資格

行業前景

香港近年飼養寵物的人數大增,屋苑放寬飼養寵物的條件,許多動物診所新開業,預計將來會需要更多獸醫。另外,獸醫正朝着專科方向發展,例如分動物骨科、皮膚科、心臟科和眼科等。

雖然近年香港的動物主人對動物醫療的認識及要求亦與日俱增,但香港政府表示香港開辦的獸醫學院的規模無須太大,只需要提供少量獸醫專業培訓及宜重視科研工作。要達致最好的動物醫療服務,必須靠獸醫和動物主人的有效互動。選擇獸醫時,獸醫列出的專業資歷往往是動物主人最注重的一環。

香港獸醫管理局承認的海外資格包括熱門的澳洲「八大」獸醫資歷。在外地完成獸醫課程及考試及格後,便可以在港註冊執業,如果要成為專科獸醫,則需要累積獸醫工作經驗,進修和通過評核。

獸醫大學排名

Source: 生涯規劃網站

在香港開設同類學科的大學及入學條件

City University of Hong KONG 香港城市大學

JUPAS Code:

JS1061

 
Programme Name: Bachelor of Veterinary Medicine (BVM) 獸醫學學士
Study Duration: 6 Years
Entry Requirement: 2020 DSE 34
English Requirement: DSE Level 5
Additional Requirement: Interview
Tuition Fee: HKD $42,100
Website: Here

香港城市大學課程大綱參考

General Education Requirement
University Requirements GE1401 University English 3
GE2401 English for Science 3
GE1501 Chinese Civilisation – History and Philosophy 3
Distributional Requirements Take at least 1 course from each of the three distributional areas:

Area 1: Arts and Humanities
Area 2: Study of Societies, Social and Business Organisations
Area 3: Science and Technology

Visit the GE website for more course information.

12
College-specified Courses CHEM1300 Principles of General Chemistry 3
CHEM1200 Discovery in Biology
Or
CHEM2007B Principles of Organic Chemistry
3
PHY1400 Introductory Physics for Biologists 3
Core Courses
Core Courses (213 credit units)
 
Course Code Course Title Credit Units
PHY2400 Advanced Physics for Biologists 3
BMS2202 Diversity of Life and Evolution 3
BMS2803 Biology of Cells 3
BMS2804 Veterinary Microbiology 3
BMS2805 Biochemistry for Veterinary Science 3
BMS2806 Genes, Inheritance and Genetic Disorders 3
VM2001 One Health 3
VM2002 Animal Welfare 1 3
VM2003 Livestock Husbandry 3
VM2100 Statistics for Evidence-based Biological and Veterinary Sciences 3
VM2102 Animal Behaviour and Handling 3
VM2103 Animal Nutrition and Welfare 3
VM2104 Introduction to Food Safety 3
VM2106 Aquaculture and Aquatic Animal Health 3
VM3012 Animal Body 18
VM3003 Food Safety and Regulation 2
VM3004 Evidence Based Veterinary Medicine 3
VM3010 Veterinary Practice Parts I & II: Physical Examination and Clinical Procedures 3
VM3100 Function and Dysfunction 18
VM4000 Host, Agent and Defence 18
VM4001 Clinical Pharmacology/ Toxicology 3
VM4010 Veterinary Practice Parts III & IV: Veterinary Communication, Business and Professional Development 3
VM4011 Veterinary Practice Part V: Transition to the Profession 3
VM4101 Animal Health and Disease: Part I 18
VM4102 Animal Health and Disease: Part II 18
VM4103 Conservation Zoo and Exotic Animal Medicine 3
VM4104 Transboundary Animal Diseases 2
VM4105 Clinical Seminars 1
VM4202 Aquatic Veterinary Medicine 3
VM4301 Clinical Rotations: Part I 10
VM4302 Clinical Rotations: Part II 18
VM4303 Clinical Rotations: Part III 18
VM4401 Research Project I 3
VM4402 Research Project II 3
VMXXXX General Pathology 3
Extra-mural Studies (EMS)
Course Code Course Title Credit Units
VM1001 Pre-EMS Animal Handling Skills 0
VM1002 Animal Husbandry Extra-mural Studies 0
VM1003 Clinical Extra-mural Studies 0

*資料來源香港城市大學

開設同類學科的海外大學及入學條件

The University of Edinburgh

Programme Name: BVM&S Veterinary Medicine (5-year programme)
Study Duration: 5 Years
DSE Entry Requirement: DSE 5, 5, 5/ IB 38 points with (6,6,6 in HL)
English Requirement: 7.0 overall with 7.0 in all skills
Additional Requirement: Interview
Tuition Fee: To be Advised
Basic Info Link
Website Here

university of nottingham

Programme Name Veterinary Medicine and Surgery BVM
Study Duration 5 Years Full Time
Entry Requirement HKDSE – 554 / IB 34 grade 6 in Higher Level biology and chemistry and grade 5 in a third subject at Higher Level
English Requirement IELTS 7.5 (no less than 7.0 in any element)
Additional Requirement You will need a minimum of 4 weeks animal handling work experience, covering a broad range of animals. You should try to include some time spent on equine, lambing, dairy and small animal husbandry work. + Interview
Tuition Fee GBP £31,000
Basic Info Link
Website https://www.nottingham.ac.uk/ugstudy/course/Veterinary-Medicine-and-Surgery-BVM+BVS+with+BVMedSci

UNIVERSITY OF Queensland

Programme Name: Bachelor of Veterinary Science (Honours)
CRICOS Code: 082631A
Study Duration: 5 Years
Entry Requirement: HKDSE Best 5: 24/ IB  37
English Requirement: IELTS overall 7; reading 7; writing 7; speaking 7; listening 7.
Additional Requirement: NA
Tuition Fee: AUD $66,592 (2021)
Basic Info:

Link

Website: https://future-students.uq.edu.au/study/programs/bachelor-veterinary-science-honours-2378#entry-requirements

Murdoch University

Programme Name Bachelor of Science / Doctor of Veterinary Medicine
CRICOS Code 083416M
Study Duration 5 Years
Entry Requirement DSE Best 6  (28) / IB 38
English Requirement Level 5* in DSE English/ IELTS all band 7.0
Additional Requirement NA
Tuition Fee Here
Basic Info Link
Website https://www.murdoch.edu.au/study/courses/undergraduate/B1330

University of Guelph

Programme Name: Doctor of Veterinary Medicine (DVM)
Study Duration: 4 Years
Entry Requirement: Minimum 2 years FULL TIME* of a bachelor’s degree (any major at any accredited university or college)
English Requirement: IELTS a minimum overall score of 7.5 with a minimum score of 7.0 in each component of the Academic Test (not General Test)
Additional Requirement:

Interview

Tuition Fee: Approx $55 000 US
Basic Info: Link
Website: Here

University of Saskatchewan

Programme Name Doctor of Veterinary Medicine (DVM)
Study Duration 4 Years
Entry Requirement A minimum, overall GPA of 3.2 is required to be eligible to apply, and this average must be maintained for any coursework completed during the year of application.
English Requirement IELTS Overall 7.0 (Speaking 7.0)
Additional Requirement Interview, References
Tuition Fee CAD $$67,347 
Basic Info Link
Website

https://admissions.usask.ca/veterinary-medicine-international.php#About

Massey University

Programme Name: Bachelor of Veterinary Science
Study Duration: 5 Years
Entry Requirement:
English Requirement: 6.5
Additional Requirement: Here
Tuition Fee: NZ$$67,280
Basic Info: Link
Website: https://www.massey.ac.nz/massey/learning/programme-course/programme.cfm?prog_id=92611#

*資料來源The University of Edinburgh, University of Nottingham

課程大綱參考

University of Edinburgh

Year 1

Year 1

  • The Animal Body 1 & 2
  • Professional & Clinical Skills
  • Animal Life & Food Safety 1
Year 2

Year 2

  • The Animal Body 3 & 4
  • Professional & Clinical Skills 2
  • Animal Life & Food Safety 2
  • Student research component (foundation skills)
Year 3

Year 3

  • Professional & Clinical Skills 3
  • Clinical Foundation Course
  • Veterinary Pathology
  • Integrated Clinical Course: Cat and Dog
Year 4

Year 4

  • Integrated Clinical Courses in Farm Animal, Equine, and Exotics
  • Veterinary Public Health
  • Professional & Clinical Skills 4
Year 5

Year 5

  • Final year rotations (selected and core)
  • Student research component

University of Queensland

Year 1

Year 1 compulsory courses

Complete these 16 units —

Course Code Units Course Title
AGRC1041 2 Cell & Tissue Biology for Agriculture & Veterinary Science
BIOC1011 2 Molecular Basis of Life
VETS1003 2 Digestion, Metabolism & Nutrition
VETS1018 2 Veterinary Professional Foundations
VETS1021 2 Functional Anatomy of Locomotion & the Integument
VETS1025 4 Animal Management for Veterinarians [1]
VETS1060 2 Animal & Veterinary Biology
Year 2

Year 2 compulsory courses

Complete these 16 units —

Course Code Units Course Title
ANIM2501 2 Applied Animal Nutrition & Grazing Management
ANIM2503 2 Animal Breeding & Molecular Genetics
VETS2006 2 Principles of Disease I
VETS2007 2 Principles of Disease II
VETS2008 2 Veterinary Reproduction
VETS2011 4 Structure & Function I
VETS2012 2 Structure & Function II

 

 

Year 3

Year 3 compulsory courses

Complete these 16 units —

Course Code Units Course Title
VETS3010 4 Infectious Diseases [1]
VETS3024 2 Veterinary Professional Contexts [1]
VETS3050 2 Veterinary Pharmacology, Therapeutics & Toxicology [1]
VETS3060 4 Veterinary Systems Pathology & Medicine [1]
VETS3070 4 Veterinary Clinical Principles [1]
Year 4

Year 4 compulsory courses

Complete these 16 units —

Course Code Units Course Title
VETS4010 6 Companion Animal Clinical Studies [1]
VETS4022 2 Equine Clinical Studies [1]
VETS4034 2 Theriogenology: Clinical Reproduction, Obstetrics & Neonatology [1]
VETS4035 2 Ruminant Medicine & Surgery [1]
VETS4040 4 Veterinary Population Medicine [1]
Year 5

Year 5 compulsory courses

Complete these 14 units —

Course Code Units Course Title
VETS5015 2 Equine Clinics [1]
VETS5020 2 Veterinary Diagnostic Pathology & State Medicine [1]
VETS5024 2 Rural Veterinary Practice – Livestock Medicine [1]
VETS5028 2 Veterinary Anaesthesia, Diagnostic Imaging & Emergency & Critical Care [1]
VETS5029 2 Veterinary Professional Practice [1]
VETS5030 4 Small Animal Clinics [1]

*資料來源 University of Edinburgh, University of Queensland

畢業後如何註冊

註冊所須資格

Qualifications required for registration5.為施行該條例第9(1)(a)條,除另有訂明的條件外,任何人士如可令管理局信納以下其中一項,則符合資格註冊為獸醫:

(b)該人持有附表2所列的任何資格,並在指定獸醫診所完成不少於六個月的臨床訓練;

(c)該人持有附表3第一欄所列的任何資格,已通過附表3第二欄所列的考試,並已通過附表3第三欄所列的考試或在指定獸醫診所完成不少於六個月的臨床訓練;

(d)該人已通過獸醫外科學及其他相關學科的考試,並曾接受訓練和取得經驗,而該等考試、訓練及經驗均為管理局一般地或在個別情況下所接納的。

由以下符合現行有效的英國1966年《獸醫法》(Veterinary Surgeons Act 1966) 第3條所訂定的會員資格而獲英國皇家獸醫學院(Royal College of Veterinary Surgeons) 認可的大學所頒授的獸醫學位,以及根據英國1966年《獸醫法》第6(3)條所接納的由(ii)至(v)分段所指的大學所頒發的英聯邦或外國資歷:

18(iii)澳洲阿德萊德大學(Doctor of Veterinary Medicine (DVM))、查爾斯特大學(Bachelor of Veterinary Biology/Bachelor of Veterinary Science (BVBiol BVSc))、詹姆斯庫克大學(BVSc)、墨爾本大學((BVSc) 或(DVM))、默多克大學(Bachelor of Veterinary Medicine and Surgery (BVMS) 或(DVM))、昆士蘭大學(BVSc),以及悉尼大學((BVSc) 或(DVM));the Universities of Adelaide (Doctor of Veterinary Medicine (DVM)), Charles Sturt (Bachelor of Veterinary Biology/Bachelor of Veterinary Science (BVBiol BVSc), James Cook (BVSc), Melbourne ((BVSc) or (DVM)), Murdoch (Bachelor of Veterinary Medicine and Surgery (BVMS)or (DVM)), Queensland (BVSc) and Sydney ((BVSc) or (DVM)) in Australia;(iv)新西蘭梅西大學(BVSc);及the Massey University (BVSc) in New Zealand; and(v)南非比勒陀利亞大學(BVSc)。the University of Pretoria (BVSc) in South Africa

下列位於加拿大的大學的獸醫學院Veterinary medical colleges of the following universities in CanadaName in English中文名稱(如適用i f a n y)University of Calgary卡爾加里大學University of Guelph圭爾夫大學University of Prince Edward Island愛德華王子島大學Université de Montréal蒙特利爾大學University of Saskatchewan薩斯克其萬大學

Source: 獸醫註冊條例

All Vets in the UK must be a member of the Royal College of Veterinary Surgeons (RCVS). To become a member you must complete a five-year degree course at one of these universities: The Royal Veterinary College, London, Bristol, Cambridge (six years), Surrey, Liverpool, Nottingham, Edinburgh or Glasgow.

There are eight veterinary schools in the UK which award degrees that have been approved by the RCVS:

University of Bristol 

University of Cambridge 

University of Edinburgh 

University of Glasgow 

University of Liverpool 

University of Nottingham 

Royal Veterinary College London

University of Surrey

Source: Royal College of Veterinary Surgeons 

To obtain a doctor of veterinary medicine (DVM) degree, a minimum of six years of university education is required: two years of pre-veterinary study at a regular university followed by four years of courses in veterinary medicine at one of the five Canadian veterinary colleges (five years in the province of Quebec). Some of the colleges are adjusting their pre-veterinary requirements and introducing some curriculum changes to reflect the changing face of the profession.

The Canadian Veterinary Medical Association (CVMA) is the national professional association which governs and upholds the medical and professional standards of working veterinarians. It also oversees the Canadian Veterinary Reserve, which is a collection of veterinarians and health technologists who can be called upon to act in declared emergencies or relief efforts. All veterinary students are automatically members of the CVMA.

Canada has five excellent veterinary colleges:

  1. University of Calgary Faculty of Veterinary Medicine
  2. Western College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Saskatchewan 
  3. Ontario Veterinary College, University of Guelph
  4. Faculté de médecine vétérinaire, Université de Montréal 
  5. Atlantic Veterinary College,University of Prince Edward Island

Source: Canadian Veterinary Medical Association

Becoming a Veterinarian in Australia

The most basic requirement to become a vet in Australia is to get a bachelor’s degree in veterinary science. An alternative option is to opt for another medical-related or science undergraduate course, and then a doctoral degree in veterinary science.

After you complete your studies, you need to register with the Veterinary Practitioners Registration Board or the Veterinary Surgeons Board in your state. Registration with the board permits you to practise veterinary medicine in that particular state.

Here are the top universities in Australia that offer veterinary degrees:
 

Source: Australian Veterinary Association

 

To practise or use the title “veterinarian” in New Zealand you must be registered with us and have a current annual practising certificate (APC).

Massey University’s Institute of Veterinary and Biosecurity Science (IVABS) is the only training institute for veterinarians in New Zealand. Find out more about studying a Bachelor of Veterinary Science degree at Massey University

Basic information

There are three types of registration:

  • General registration
  • Limited registration
  • Specialist registration.

General Registration (no examination)

We accept the veterinary degrees and passes in the examinations and assessment programmes listed in this Gazette notice for registration without further examination.

If your degree is listed, or you have a pass in one of the listed examinations or assessment programmes, you will be eligible for registration without any further examination, provided you meet our minimum standards for practising and English language requirements.

Source: Veterinary Council of New Zealand

*資料來源

Source: 獸醫註冊條例

Source: Royal College of Veterinary Surgeons 

Source: Canadian Veterinary Medical Association

Source: Australian Veterinary Association

Source: Veterinary Council of New Zealand

 

 

以上資料僅供參考,請參閱官方網站了解詳情。

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